mangal pandey history

Anticipating a revolt, British authorities moved up his initial execution date from April 18 to April 8, when he was hanged. is important because it was the regiment charged with testing the new cartridges on 26 February 1857. Where is he?' Mangal Pandey is one of the great freedom fighters and worked against the British rule during the Indian first freedom fight in 1857. four weeks before (see below). In India, Pandey has been remembered as a freedom fighter against British rule. He concluded his exhortation with an appeal to the native officers to uphold the honour of the regiment and a threat to court-martial such sepoys as refused to accept the cartridge. Mangal Pandey was born on 19 July 1827 in Nagwa, a village of upper Ballia district, Ceded and Conquered Provinces (now in Uttar Pradesh). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Hewson in reply called out to Baugh, 'Ride to the right, sir, for your life. He backed away in one direction and Baugh and Hewson in another, while being struck with the butt ends of the guards' muskets. [4], In the meantime, a report of the incident had been carried to the commanding officer General Hearsey, who then galloped to the ground with his two officer sons. For the 2005 film, see, "Read Latest News, News Today, Breaking News, India News and Current News on Politics, Bollywood and Sports", Mangal Pandey Park, Amusement Parks / Auditoriums / Clubs, Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mangal_Pandey&oldid=992625956, Revolutionaries of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, People executed by British India by hanging, Indian independence activists from Uttar Pradesh, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 07:49. He joined the Bengal Army in the year 1849. His execution (by hanging) was set for April 18, but British authorities, fearing the outbreak of a large-scale revolt if they waited until then, moved the date up to April 8. Updates? Mangal Pandey was an Indian sepoy of the British East India Company. He was sentenced to death by hanging, along with Jemadar Ishwari Prasad, after three Sikh members of the quarter-guard testified that the latter had ordered them not to arrest Pandey. between myth and history. He was admitted as an Indian soldier in the 34th Army team of Bengal East India Company, Bengal Native Infantry (BNI), Mangal Pandey was involved in the English East India Company to know about earlier incidents in Indian history and to attack British officers. Pandey then put the muzzle of the musket to his chest and discharged it by pressing the trigger with his foot. [4], The 19th and 34th Bengal Native Infantry were stationed at Lucknow during the time of the annexation of Oudh in 1856 because of alleged misgovernment by the Nawab. He worked as a sepoy in the Bengal Native Infantry of the British East India Company. This information was conveyed to the commanding officer, Colonel William Mitchell; he took it upon himself to try to convince the sepoys that the cartridges were no different from those they had been accustomed to and that they need not bite it. This incident marked an opening stage in what came to be known as the India's First War of Independence or Indian Mutiny of 1857. When asked whether he had been under the influence of any substances, he stated steadfastly that he had mutinied on his own accord and that no other person had played any part in encouraging him. He collapsed bleeding, with his regimental jacket on fire, but not mortally wounded. Mangal Pandey (Aamir Khan), a sepoy (soldier of Indian origin) in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry of the company's army, is being led to his execution by hanging for fomenting mutiny against company rule. In April 1857, a large part of the Indian subcontinent is under the control of the British East India Company. Sepoy Shaikh Paltu was promoted to havildar (sergeant) for his behavior on 29 March but he was murdered in an isolated part of the Barrackpore cantonment shortly before the regiment was disbanded. The Indian troops in some regiments were of the opinion that this was an intentional act of the British, with the aim of defiling their religions. The cartridge was thought to be greased with animal fat, primarily from cows and pigs, which could not be consumed by Hindus and Muslims respectively (the former a holy animal of the Hindus and the latter being abhorrent to Muslims). History grade: D Mangal Pandey was a sepoy, an Indian soldier in the army of the East India Company. With Ranjit Sood, Ajit, Harbans Darshan M. Arora, Parveen Babi. This time, however, there appears to be a degree of uniformity across the board, among those objecting to the film. He was aware of his hot temperament and wanted … Mangal Pandey was arrested and sentenced to death after he attacked British officers in Barrackpore on March 29, 1857. He then gets separated from his sister, Deepa, is adopted by a drug-dealer, Kulbhushan, who re-names him 'Tiger'; and then joins hands with … Not much is known about his parents except the fact that he was an upper caste Brahmin. Mangal Pandey was born on 19thJuly 1827 in a Brahmin family in Nagwa, a village of Ballia district in Uttar Pradesh. Hewson had charged towards Pandey as he was fighting with Lieutenant Baugh. were declared unsuited to take charge of any new regiments raised to replace the disbanded units. A sepoy working under the British East India Company, Mangal Pandey’s name got etched into the pages of the Indian history after he attacked his senior British officers in an incident, which is today remembered as the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 or the India’s First War of Independence. The rebellion led to the abolition of the British East India Company in favour of direct British rule. [4], Some of the sepoys of the quarter-guard then advanced and struck at the two prostrate officers. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). He was from a high-caste Brahman landowning family that professed strong Hindu beliefs. [2], Baugh immediately armed himself and galloped on his horse to the lines. Witnessing the execution is Pandey's friend, Captain William Gordon (Toby Stephens), who is relieved when the execution is delayed due to the hangman's refusal to hang Pandey. [4], Pandey recovered and was brought to trial less than a week later. However, Mangal Pandey's actions and the failure of the armed and on-duty sepoys of the quarter-guard to take action convinced the British military authorities that the whole regiment was unreliable. Jemadar Ishwari Prasad was executed by hanging on 21 April. He is popularly named ‘Shaheed Mangal Pandey’ because ‘Shaheed’ means martyr in Urdu and he was the first Indian sepoy who woke up the Indian masses… https://www.britannica.com/biography/Mangal-Pandey, MapsofIndia.com - Government and Politics - Biography of Mangal Pandey, IndiaNetzone - Indian Personalities - Biography of Mangal Pandey, ILoveIndia.com - Biography of Mangal Pandey. However, he was considered as a mutineer and traitor by the contemporary British opinion. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He was a sepoy (infantryman) in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (BNI) regiment of the British East India Company. Himself wounded by now, Paltu was obliged to loosen his grip. Be it Kolkata intellectuals, the Mangal Pandey Suraksha Samiti in Uttar Pradesh He became the privatesoldier in the 5th Company of the 34thBe… On 29th March 1857, Mangal Pandey got into an altercation with the British officers over the cartridges smeared with beef and pork fat. There are various opinions as to what happened on March 29, 1857. In the meantime, Baugh had arrived on the field shouting 'Where is he? He was a sipahi or sepoy in British East Indian Company for the 34th Bengal Native Infantry Regiment. He was born on 19th July, 1827 in Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh, India. [8], Colonel S. Wheeler of the 34th B.N.I. Mangal Pandey, (born July 19, 1827, Akbarpur, India—died April 8, 1857, Barrackpore), Indian soldier whose attack on British officers on March 29, 1857, was the first major incident of what came to be known as the Indian, or Sepoy, Mutiny (in India the uprising is often called the First War of Independence or other similar names). '[4] At that point Pandey fired. He belonged to a high-caste Brahmin family. Mangal Pandey would prove to be influential for later figures in the Indian Nationalist Movement like V.D. Mangal sought to remove the shackles of poverty that surrounded his family. [1], On the afternoon of 29 March 1857, Lieutenant Baugh, Adjutant of the 34th Bengal Native Infantry, then stationed at Barrackpore was informed that several men of his regiment were in an excited state. This was a direct derivation from the name of Mangal Pandey. There have been various accounts of the events of March 29, 1857. [11], The attack by and punishment of Pandey is widely seen as the opening scene of what came to be known as the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Albeit, he was a loyal and dutiful soldier until things took a stark turn and everything changed in the pages of history. He played an important part that immediately outbreak into the Indian revolt of 1857. At this juncture, Shaikh Paltu, while trying to defend the two Englishmen called upon the other sepoys to assist him. Mangal Pandey was born on 19 July 1827 in Nagwa, a village of upperBallia district, Uttar Pradesh, in a Brahmin family. The Indian troops thought that it was a deliberate act of the British in an attempt to defile their religions. Before the annexation, these sepoys had the right to petition the British Resident at Lucknow for justice — a significant privilege in the context of native courts. Mangal Pandey was born on July 19, 1827 in village Nagwa of district Ballia in Uttar Pradesh. Savarkar, who viewed his motive as one of the earliest manifestations of Indian Nationalism. [16], The Government of India commemorated Pandey by issuing a postage stamp bearing his image on 5 October 1984. The non-commissioned officers of the regiment refused to accept the cartridges on 26 February. were allowed to retain items of uniform and were provided by the government with allowances to return to their homes. This video is about Mangal Pandey (The First Hero Of Indian Independence) Biography in Hindi. Mangal Pandey – The First Man to fight for Independent India He was known for his rebellion against the British regiment officers. The belief arose among the sepoys that the British had deliberately used the lard on the cartridges. Gordon is indebted to Mangal and a strong friendship develops between them, transcending consideration of rank and race. Mangal Pandey was born on July 19, 1827, in a small village in eastern Uttar Pradesh to a Brahmin family. [4], The 34th B.N.I. As a result of the East India Company's action, they lost that special status, since Oudh no longer existed as a nominally independent political entity. Mangal Pandey Biography. Pandey was ambitious and viewed his profession as a sepoy as a stepping-stone to future success. A sepoy serving with the British East India Company, he protested against the issue of greased cartridge to the soldiers; the cartridges were rumored to have been greased with either cow or pig lard. Poverty had struck his family and there were mounting debts on his family became burdensome. Facts about Mangal Pandey will make you learn more about the life of an Indian soldier considered as a hero in modern India. was known as a zealous Christian preacher. He was a Hindu of the aristocratic Brahman caste, which had been especially dispossessed under British paramountcy. Mangal Pandey, (born July 19, 1827, Akbarpur, India—died April 8, 1857, Barrackpore), Indian soldier whose attack on British officers on March 29, 1857, was the first major incident of what came to be known as the Indian, or Sepoy, Mutiny (in India the uprising is often called the First War of Independence or other similar names). In addition, a movie and stage play that depicted his life both appeared in 2005. Corrections? A commemorative postage stamp with his image on it was issued by the Indian government in 1984. However, right up to the mutiny the new rifles had not been issued to them, and the cartridges in the magazine of the regiment were as free of grease as they had been through the preceding half-century. had a good recent record and that the Court of Enquiry had not found any evidence of a connection with unrest at Berhampore involving the 19th B.N.I. Does he ever appear outside history books. Mangal Pandey was an Indian sepoy in the service of the British East India Company. During a fierce battle in one of the Afghan wars that the Company fought in the mid-century, Mangal Pandey, the heroic sepoy, saves the life of his British commanding officer, William Gordon. Pandey inspired the Indian Mutiny (also called the Indian Rebellion of 1857, among other names) after rumours circulated that cow lard was used to grease rifle cartridges, which was repugnant to Hindus. However, Paltu continued to hold Pandey until Baugh and the sergeant-major was able to get up. His life and actions have also been portrayed in several cinematic productions. The subsequent conciliatory behaviour of Mitchell convinced the sepoys to return to their barracks. Mangal Pandey played a key part in events immediately preceding the 1857 rebellion and is widely regarded as a freedom fighter in modern India. For this, he was hanged on 8th April 1857. [17], A park named Shaheed Mangal Pandey Maha Udyan has been set up at Barrackpore to commemorate the place where Pandey attacked British officers and was subsequently hanged. This initiated a period when heightened Indian nationalism steered India toward independence. During the incident itself he shouted to other sepoys: "come out – the Europeans are here"; "from biting these cartridges we shall become infidels" and "you sent me out here, why don't you follow me". Mangal Pandey was born on 19 July 1827 in the village of Nagwa in the Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh. Mangal Pandey was born in the High casteBrahmin family which professed and believed strongly in the Hindu culture andbeliefs. Testimony at a subsequent enquiry recorded that Pandey, unsettled by unrest amongst the sepoys and intoxicated by the narcotic bhang, had seized weapons and run to the quarter-guard building upon learning that a detachment of British soldiers was disembarking from a steamer near the cantonment. Assailed by other sepoys, who threw stones and shoes at his back, he called on the guard to help him hold Pandey, but they threatened to shoot him if he did not let go of the mutineer. In 1849 he joined the British Indian Army as a soldier in the Sixth Company in the 34th Native Bengal Infantry. He had ordered Jemadar Ishwari Prasad, the Indian officer in command of the quarter-guard, to arrest Pandey. However, the general agreement is that Pandey attempted to incite his fellow sepoys to rise up against their British officers, attacked two of those officers, attempted to shoot himself after having been restrained, and eventually was overpowered and arrested. Pandey's reference to cartridges is usually attributed to a new type of bullet cartridge used in the Enfield P-53 rifle which was to be introduced in the Bengal Army that year. 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